In the kaleidoscope of cinematic brilliance that is Nollywood, one aspect that has been evolving and garnering increasing attention is gender equity. The portrayal and involvement of women in the Nigerian film industry have been a subject of both celebration and critique.
Over the past two decades, Nollywood has witnessed significant strides in promoting gender equity, but it’s a journey that’s not without its challenges. In this exploration, we delve into the world of Nollywood, dissecting the multifaceted aspects of gender equity, discussing the hurdles that persist, and highlighting the remarkable achievements that have begun to reshape the industry’s landscape.
The Challenges of Gender Equity in Nollywood
1. Representation Disparities
One of the foremost challenges that Nollywood has grappled with is the unequal representation of women in both on-screen and off-screen roles. Historically, women were often relegated to supporting roles, portraying one-dimensional characters that revolved around traditional gender stereotypes.
Although progress has been made, with more diverse and empowered female characters emerging, the industry still has work to do in providing equitable opportunities for women in leading roles and behind the camera.
2. Wage Disparity
In Nollywood, as in many other film industries, wage disparity based on gender has been a persisting issue. Male actors and filmmakers traditionally earned significantly more than their female counterparts.
While this gap has begun to close with the rise of influential female stars and directors, there’s still a wage differential that needs addressing. Achieving pay parity remains an ongoing battle in Nollywood.
3. Underrepresentation in Leadership
Behind the camera, women have been underrepresented in key leadership positions such as directors and producers. The male-dominated nature of the industry has made it challenging for women to break into these roles.
However, this is changing as more women are stepping into positions of power and influence, reshaping the narratives and themes explored in Nollywood films.
4. Gender-Based Discrimination
Gender-based discrimination is not unique to Nollywood but is a challenge the industry must confront. Female filmmakers and actors have reported instances of discrimination, harassment, and stereotyping. These issues have long festered beneath the surface and need to be addressed comprehensively to create a safer and more inclusive industry.
Achievements in the Regards of Gender Equity in Nollywood
1. Emergence of Strong Female Protagonists
One of the most significant achievements in recent years has been the emergence of strong, multidimensional female protagonists in Nollywood films. These characters are no longer confined to traditional roles but are portrayed as leaders, heroes, and change-makers.
Films like “Lionheart,” directed by Genevieve Nnaji, and “Òlòtūré,” directed by Kenneth Gyang, have showcased women as central figures, breaking away from stereotypes.
2. Women in Key Creative Roles
Nollywood has witnessed a surge of women taking on pivotal creative roles both on and off the screen. Directors like Kemi Adetiba (the brains behind The Wedding Party & King of Boys) and producers like Mo Abudu (boasting of works like Oloture, Chief Daddy, Elesin Oba: The King’s Horseman, and so many others) have played instrumental roles in shaping the industry’s direction. Their success has paved the way for more women to enter these roles, diversifying storytelling perspectives and challenging norms.
3. Advocacy for Gender Equity
Organizations and initiatives dedicated to promoting gender equity in Nollywood have gained momentum. The “Women in Film Nigeria” (WIN) initiative and the “Nollywood Female Directors” (NFD) platform are prime examples. These movements provide support, mentorship, and opportunities for female filmmakers, ultimately fostering an environment where their voices are heard.
4. International Recognition
Nollywood films that champion gender equity have garnered international recognition. “The Milkmaid,” directed by Desmond Ovbiagele, explores the resilience of a Fulani milkmaid in Sub-Saharan Africa and was Nigeria’s submission for the Best International Feature Film category at the Oscars. Such recognition not only spotlights the talent within the industry but also the importance of stories that challenge gender norms.
5. Increased Gender Sensitivity
Nollywood has become more gender-sensitive in its storytelling. Filmmakers are increasingly addressing issues such as domestic violence, gender discrimination, and female empowerment in their narratives. This heightened awareness reflects a shift in societal attitudes and a commitment to creating more inclusive content.
What can we say? Nollywood’s journey toward gender equity is a work in progress. While challenges persist, the industry has made remarkable strides in recent years. Strong female protagonists, women in key creative roles, advocacy, international recognition, and increased gender sensitivity are all contributing to a more equitable and diverse Nollywood.
The industry’s evolution mirrors broader societal changes in Nigeria, where women are playing increasingly prominent roles in all aspects of life. As Nollywood continues to break barriers, it stands as a beacon of hope for the film industry, both in Africa and beyond, in the ongoing pursuit of gender equity and diversity.